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Photoemission and Photoelectron Spectra

  1. Franz J. Himpsel1,
  2. Ingolf Lindau2

Published Online: 15 JUL 2004

DOI: 10.1002/3527600434.eap325.pub2

Encyclopedia of Applied Physics

Encyclopedia of Applied Physics

How to Cite

Himpsel, F. J. and Lindau, I. 2004. Photoemission and Photoelectron Spectra. Encyclopedia of Applied Physics. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Wisconsin Madison, Department of Physics, Madison, WI, USA

  2. 2

    Lund University, Department of Synchrotron Radiation Research, Lund, Sweden

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUL 2004

This is not the most recent version of the article. View current version (15 DEC 2009)


Applications of photoelectron spectroscopy and related techniques are reviewed. They include photoelectric yield spectroscopy, absorption spectroscopy from core levels, photoelectron spectroscopy of core-level shifts (XPS or ESCA), angle-resolved photoemission and inverse photoemission, EXAFS, and photoelectron diffraction. These techniques provide information about structure, bonding, and electronic states of atoms, molecules, solids, surfaces, and nanostructures. Advances in detectors and light sources, such as high-resolution multidetection and synchrotron radiation from undulators, are breaking ground for new applications. Among those are element-resolved microscopy and high-resolution spectroscopy of the electronic states relevant to magnetism, superconductivity, and transport properties.


  • photoemission;
  • photoelectron spectroscopy;
  • electronic states;
  • valence electrons;
  • core electrons;
  • synchrotron radiation