Published Online: 15 OCT 2009
Copyright © 2003 by Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA. All rights reserved.
Encyclopedia of Applied Physics
How to Cite
Burgdörfer, J. and Rotter, S. 2009. Quantum Mechanics. Encyclopedia of Applied Physics. 1–46.
- Published Online: 15 OCT 2009
Quantum mechanics (QM), also called wave mechanics, is the modern theory of matter, of atoms, molecules, solids, and of the interaction of electromagnetic fields with matter. It supersedes the classical mechanics embodied in Newton's laws and contains them as a limiting case (the so-called classical limit of QM). QM has proven to be an extremely successful theory, tested and confirmed to an outstanding degree of accuracy for physical systems ranging in size from subatomic partiles to macroscopic samples of matter, such as superconductors and superfluids. The present article gives a brief introduction into concepts, methods, and applications of mostly non-relativistic quantum physics.
- Schrödinger equation;
- wave function;
- photon polarization;
- quantum correlation