Standard Article

X-ray Optics

  1. Alan Michette

Published Online: 15 JUL 2005

DOI: 10.1002/3527600434.eap574.pub2

Encyclopedia of Applied Physics

Encyclopedia of Applied Physics

How to Cite

Michette, A. 2005. X-ray Optics. Encyclopedia of Applied Physics. .

Author Information

  1. King's College London, Department of Physics, Strand, London, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUL 2005


This article describes the difficulties inherent in the optical manipulation of X-ray beams and how they may be overcome. Related issues, such as X-ray emission processes and sources, the ways in which X rays interact with matter, and the applications of focused X-ray beams are also discussed.


  • X rays;
  • grazing incidence;
  • crystals;
  • compound refractive lenses;
  • multilayers;
  • diffraction;
  • zone plates;
  • sources;
  • applications