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Luminescence

  1. Detlev M. Hofmann,
  2. Manfred Böhm

Published Online: 15 JUL 2005

DOI: 10.1002/3527600434.eap650

Encyclopedia of Applied Physics

Encyclopedia of Applied Physics

How to Cite

Hofmann, D. M. and Böhm, M. 2005. Luminescence. Encyclopedia of Applied Physics. .

Author Information

  1. Justus-Liebig-Universität Giessen, I. Physikalisches Institut, Giessen, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUL 2005

Abstract

The article gives an introduction to the widespread phenomenon of light emission from matter under the aspect of the most common stimulation sources, that is, the use of photons for photoluminescence, or electron beams for cathodoluminescence, electric fields in the case of electroluminescence, chemical energy for chemiluminescence, sound waves for sonoluminescence, or thermal energy for the stimulation of the thermoluminescence phenomena. It focuses mostly on the respective principles of the luminescence excitation, rather than an overview of the uncountable applications of the methods in all areas of science, technology, and engineering.

Keywords:

  • luminescence;
  • photoluminescence;
  • cathodoluminescence;
  • thermoluminescence;
  • chemiluminescence;
  • sonoluminescence;
  • electroluminescence