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Nanotechnology: An Approach to Mimic Natural Architectures and Concepts

  1. Dr. Pierangelo Gröning

Published Online: 15 NOV 2007

DOI: 10.1002/3527600434.eap653

Encyclopedia of Applied Physics

Encyclopedia of Applied Physics

How to Cite

Gröning, P. 2007. Nanotechnology: An Approach to Mimic Natural Architectures and Concepts. Encyclopedia of Applied Physics. .

Author Information

  1. Laboratory nanotech@surfaces Thun Empa Materials Science and Technology, Thun, Switzerland

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 NOV 2007


With the invention of the Scanning Tunnelling Microscope (STM) in 1981 by G. Binnig and H. Rohrer, the gate to the nanoworld was pushed open. The prospect to control matter and units on molecular and atomic level, inspired many scientists to think about new technological approaches—nanotechnology in the sense of Richard Phillips Feynman became reality. Thus, nanotechnology is not only the next step of the miniaturisation following microtechnology—nanotechnology is an approach to investigate natural architectures and to mimic them for technological problems. In the present article we try to show that nanotechnology is an evolutionary process of our technological society with the potential to solve everyday problems with revolutionary concepts and devices.


  • nanoscience;
  • nanotechnology;
  • nanoparticles;
  • nanostructures;
  • carbon nanotubes;
  • molecular self-assembly;
  • molecular electronics