Standard Article

Exploring Excited State Processes in Photosynthesis — Features of Photosynthetic Light Harvesting

  1. Villy Sundstrom

Published Online: 15 AUG 2009

DOI: 10.1002/3527600434.eap662

Encyclopedia of Applied Physics

Encyclopedia of Applied Physics

How to Cite

Sundstrom, V. 2009. Exploring Excited State Processes in Photosynthesis — Features of Photosynthetic Light Harvesting. Encyclopedia of Applied Physics. .

Author Information

  1. Lund University, Department of Chemical Physics

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 AUG 2009

Abstract

Photosynthesis is the process by which light energy is converted into chemical energy by plants, algae, and photosynthetic bacteria. For this, highly specialized pigment–proteins have evolved, which capture the light and transform the short-lived excited states of pigment molecules into a stable transmembrane potential. By close scrutiny of organization and processes of the photosynthetic pigment systems, a number of “design principles” can be recognized. By combining knowledge about structure and light converting energy and electron transfer processes, we can identify the most important features for efficient photosynthetic solar energy conversion.

Keywords:

  • photosynthetic light harvesting;
  • catalytic manganese cluster;
  • bacteriochlorophyll-c