Optical Spectroscopy of Biological Materials
Published Online: 15 DEC 2009
Copyright © 2003 by Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA. All rights reserved.
Encyclopedia of Applied Physics
How to Cite
Tuchin, V. V. 2009. Optical Spectroscopy of Biological Materials. Encyclopedia of Applied Physics. 555–626.
- Published Online: 15 DEC 2009
In this chapter, optics of biological tissues and blood is briefly discussed. Methods and algorithms for solving the inverse problem of finding tissue and blood optical parameters, such as absorption and scattering coefficients, anisotropy factor, and refractive index are presented. Measuring techniques, such as integrating sphere, spatially resolved, time-, and angular-resolved, and optical coherence tomography (OCT), as well as inverse methods, such as adding-doubling and inverse Monte Carlo, are reviewed. Data on optical properties of human tissue and blood measured in vitro, ex vivo, and in vivo are presented.
- biological tissue;
- light scattering;
- light absorption;
- refractive index;
- optical inverse problem;
- optical measurements