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Fundamentals of Materials Measurement and Testing

  1. Horst Czichos

Published Online: 15 MAR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/3527600434.eap701

Encyclopedia of Applied Physics

Encyclopedia of Applied Physics

How to Cite

Czichos, H. 2011. Fundamentals of Materials Measurement and Testing. Encyclopedia of Applied Physics. 75–136.

Author Information

  1. University of Applied Sciences, BHT, Berlin, Berlin, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 MAR 2011

Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

  • 1
    Introduction
    • 1.1
      Scope of Materials Measurement and Testing
    • 1.2
      Overview on Materials and Their Characteristics
      • 1.2.1
        Nature of Materials
      • 1.2.2
        Types of Materials
      • 1.2.3
        Processing of Materials
      • 1.2.4
        Scale of Materials
      • 1.2.5
        Properties of Materials
      • 1.2.6
        Application of Materials
    • 1.3
      Categories of Materials Characterization Methods
  • 2
    Characterization of Materials Composition
    • 2.1
      Elemental Chemical Analysis
    • 2.2
      Compound and Molecular Specific Analysis
    • 2.3
      Surface Chemical Analysis
    • 2.4
      Metrology in Elemental Analysis—An Example to Establish Traceability
  • 3
    Characterization of Materials Microstructure
    • 3.1
      Microstructural Analysis
    • 3.2
      Surface Topography Analysis
  • 4
    Characterization of Materials Properties
    • 4.1
      Mechanical Properties
    • 4.2
      Thermal Properties
    • 4.3
      Electrical Properties
    • 4.4
      Magnetic Properties
    • 4.5
      Optical Properties
  • 5
    Characterization of Materials Performance
    • 5.1
      Influences on Materials Integrity
    • 5.2
      Materials Deterioration Analysis
      • 5.2.1
        Aging
      • 5.2.2
        Biogenic Impact
      • 5.2.3
        Corrosion
      • 5.2.4
        Wear
      • 5.2.5
        Fracture
    • 5.3
      Nondestructive Evaluation
      • 5.3.1
        Ultrasonic Evaluation
      • 5.3.2
        Magnetic and Electrical Evaluation
      • 5.3.3
        Radiological Evaluation
    • 5.4
      Computerized Tomography
  • 6
    Reference Materials and Reference Procedures
  • 7
    Acknowledgments

Keywords:

  • measurement of materials;
  • testing of materials;
  • scale of materials;
  • properties of materials;
  • chemical analysis;
  • surface chemical analysis;
  • metrology in chemical analysis;
  • microstructural analysis;
  • surface topography analysis;
  • mechanical properties;
  • thermal properties;
  • electrical properties;
  • magnetic properties;
  • optical properties;
  • materials integrity;
  • ageing;
  • biogenic impact;
  • corrosion;
  • friction;
  • wear;
  • fracture;
  • reference materials;
  • reference procedures;
  • materials data bank