Metrology of Time and Frequency
Published Online: 15 MAR 2011
Copyright © 2003 by Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA. All rights reserved.
Encyclopedia of Applied Physics
How to Cite
Arias, F. and Bauch, A. 2011. Metrology of Time and Frequency. Encyclopedia of Applied Physics. 315–348.
- Published Online: 15 MAR 2011
This chapter provides a concise overview of the current status of time and frequency metrology. The definition of the time unit and of time scales is given, and the standards and procedures to realize them are described. The measures by which their properties are characterized are explained. The comparison of remote standards is discussed to the extent that it is a prerequisite for the realization of a world reference time scale by the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures (BIPM). Only a brief account is given on the various means of disseminating time and the wide applications thereof. The reader is invited to use the literature in the Further Reading section as well as the numerous references to get a deeper insight into the field.
- time measurement;
- atomic frequency standard;
- Ramsey cavity;
- primary frequency standard;
- Galileo system time