Metrology in Medicine
Published Online: 15 MAR 2011
Copyright © 2003 by Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA. All rights reserved.
Encyclopedia of Applied Physics
How to Cite
Macdonald, R. and Mieke, S. 2011. Metrology in Medicine. Encyclopedia of Applied Physics. 383–408.
- Published Online: 15 MAR 2011
Physical, chemical, and biological measurements are important essentials in medical diagnosis for the prevention and treatment of disease as well as for risk assessment and monitoring of patients. Hence, measurement results that are relevant to medical diagnosis must be accurate, reliable, and comparable between different places and over time to ensure optimum patient care as well as the most efficient use of available health care funds. To ensure that medical measurement results are of known quality and to improve their accuracy and reliability, standards, reference methods, certified reference materials, and calibrations are needed. In this article, the peculiarities of medical measurements are discussed and problems encountered in fulfilling the above-mentioned requirements are pointed out.
- medical diagnosis;
- medical measurements;
- crank ergometers;
- laser flow cytometer;
- isotope dilution–mass spectometry;