Chapter 4. How Light Scattering and Absorption Depend on the Content of Coloring Material (Beer's Law, Scattering Interaction)

  1. Hans G. Völz

Published Online: 10 FEB 2003

DOI: 10.1002/3527600485.ch4

Industrial Color Testing, 2nd Edition

Industrial Color Testing, 2nd Edition

How to Cite

Völz, H. G. (2001) How Light Scattering and Absorption Depend on the Content of Coloring Material (Beer's Law, Scattering Interaction), in Industrial Color Testing, 2nd Edition, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG. doi: 10.1002/3527600485.ch4

Author Information

  1. Deswatines Strasse 78, D-47800 Krefeld (formerly Bayer AG, Krefeld-Uerdingen, Germany)

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 10 FEB 2003
  2. Published Print: 13 SEP 2001

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9783527304363

Online ISBN: 9783527600489

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Keywords:

  • Beer's law;
  • scattering interaction;
  • pigment article size;
  • dyes;
  • pigments;
  • pigment mixing;
  • paste mixing;
  • Kubelka-Munk functions;
  • tinting strength;
  • color matching;
  • lightness matching;
  • color depth matching;
  • lightening power;
  • color differences

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

    • Description and Significance of the Concentration Dependence

    • Pigment Particle Size

    • Dispersing of Pigments

    • Measures of Pigment Content

  • Absorption and Content of Coloring Material

    • Dyes

    • Pigments

  • Scattering and Pigment Content

    • Scattering Interaction

    • Experimental Test of an Empirical Formula

  • Systematic Treatment of Pigment/Achromatic Paste Mixing

    • Standard Methods of Pigment/Paste Mixing

    • Importance of the Methods

  • Kubelka-Munk Functions of Pigment/Paste Mixture

    • General Formula

    • Black Pigments Mixed with White Paste

    • White Pigments Mixed with Black Paste

    • Colored Pigments Mixed with White Paste

  • Tinting Strength

    • Significance and Definition

    • Coloristic Matching Criteria for Pigments

    • Color Matching Studies

    • Lightness Matching

    • Color Depth Matching

  • Special Problems

    • Lightening Power

    • Color Differences after Matching

    • Change in Tinting Strength

  • List of Symbols Used in Formulas

  • Summary

  • Historical and Bibliographical Notes