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Chicken Genome

Molecular Biology of Specific Organisms

  1. Cheryll Tickle1,
  2. David W. Burt2

Published Online: 15 SEP 2006

DOI: 10.1002/3527600906.mcb.200300136

Reviews in Cell Biology and Molecular Medicine

Reviews in Cell Biology and Molecular Medicine

How to Cite

Tickle, C. and Burt, D. W. 2006. Chicken Genome. Reviews in Cell Biology and Molecular Medicine. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Dundee, Dundee, UK

  2. 2

    Roslin Institute (Edinburgh), Midlothian, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 SEP 2006


Elucidation of the chicken genome has wide-ranging implications for agriculture and biology. Genetic mapping in chickens has a long history. The recent use of DNA markers has allowed the construction of a consensus genetic map containing 51 linkage groups. Chickens have 39 pairs of chromosomes including microchromosomes. Thirty-two of the linkage groups have now been assigned to specific chromosomes using fluorescence in situ hybridization to reveal the location of specific genes on the cytogenetic map. A detailed BAC map of the entire chicken genome is being assembled and will be merged with a whole genome shotgun sequence. The comprehensive collection of chicken expressed sequence tag ESTs will be indispensable for annotating the physical map of the genome. The chicken genome is particularly well placed in the evolutionary tree to provide new insights into vertebrate gene and genome evolution during the past 300 million years.


  • BAC (Bacterial Artificial Chromosomes);
  • Contig Map;
  • EST (Expressed sequence tag);
  • FISH;
  • Genetic Map;
  • Marker;
  • Physical Map;
  • Reference Mapping Population;
  • RH Mapping Panel;
  • YAC (Yeast Artificial Chromosomes)