Molecular Biology of Specific Organisms
Published Online: 15 SEP 2006
Copyright © 2006 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA. All rights reserved.
Reviews in Cell Biology and Molecular Medicine
How to Cite
Tickle, C. and Burt, D. W. 2006. Chicken Genome. Reviews in Cell Biology and Molecular Medicine. .
- Published Online: 15 SEP 2006
Elucidation of the chicken genome has wide-ranging implications for agriculture and biology. Genetic mapping in chickens has a long history. The recent use of DNA markers has allowed the construction of a consensus genetic map containing 51 linkage groups. Chickens have 39 pairs of chromosomes including microchromosomes. Thirty-two of the linkage groups have now been assigned to specific chromosomes using fluorescence in situ hybridization to reveal the location of specific genes on the cytogenetic map. A detailed BAC map of the entire chicken genome is being assembled and will be merged with a whole genome shotgun sequence. The comprehensive collection of chicken expressed sequence tag ESTs will be indispensable for annotating the physical map of the genome. The chicken genome is particularly well placed in the evolutionary tree to provide new insights into vertebrate gene and genome evolution during the past 300 million years.
- BAC (Bacterial Artificial Chromosomes);
- Contig Map;
- EST (Expressed sequence tag);
- Genetic Map;
- Physical Map;
- Reference Mapping Population;
- RH Mapping Panel;
- YAC (Yeast Artificial Chromosomes)