Published Online: 15 SEP 2006
Copyright © 2006 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA. All rights reserved.
Reviews in Cell Biology and Molecular Medicine
How to Cite
Heidenreich, O. and Sczakiel, G. 2006. Oligonucleotides. Reviews in Cell Biology and Molecular Medicine. .
- Published Online: 15 SEP 2006
Oligonucleotides are important tools in biochemistry and in molecular and cellular biology. Moreover, oligonucleotides such as antisense oligonucleotides or small interfering RNAs hold promise as therapeutic agents to combat human disease. The main prerequisite for the wide use of oligonucleotides was the development of efficient and robust synthesis protocols, which allow for the production of oligonucleotides at a wide range of synthesis scales with very affordable costs. Furthermore, the chemical synthesis permits the site-specific introduction of chemical modifications such as phosphate, sugar or base derivatives, which affect the chemical and biological properties of oligonucleotides. Oligonucleotides are used in molecular biology for sequence detection and determination as well as in cell biology and molecular medicine for functional genomics, target validation, and drug development. This review describes recent advancements of oligonucleotide synthesis and discusses several common applications of oligonucleotides.
- Melting Temperature;
- Phosphodiester Linkage;
- Protection group