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Nematodes, Neurobiology and Development of

Molecular Biology of Specific Organisms

  1. Darren R. Brooks1,
  2. Ian A. Hope2,
  3. R. Elwyn Isaac2

Published Online: 15 SEP 2006

DOI: 10.1002/3527600906.mcb.200400048

Reviews in Cell Biology and Molecular Medicine

Reviews in Cell Biology and Molecular Medicine

How to Cite

Brooks, D. R., Hope, I. A. and Isaac, R. E. 2006. Nematodes, Neurobiology and Development of. Reviews in Cell Biology and Molecular Medicine. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    School of Environment and Life Sciences, University of Salford, Salford, UK

  2. 2

    School of Biology, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 SEP 2006

Abstract

Nematodes are ubiquitous roundworms. Many species are parasitic, causing immense economic damage to crops and livestock. Around a third of the world's population suffer from nematode infections.

The free-living Caenorhabditis elegans is a powerful model for the study of nematode biology, including animal development and behavior, as recognized by the award of the Noble Prize in Physiology or Medicine (2002) to Sydney Brenner, John Sulston, and Robert Horvitz, eminent biologists who pioneered this research field. Caenorhabditis elegans is amenable to classical genetic analysis, allowing large numbers of genes required for normal development and behavior to be identified by generating mutations. A scientific landmark was accomplished in 1998 with the publication of the entire genome of C. elegans , demonstrating that the complete sequencing of the much larger human genetic code was technically feasible. The primary repository of all C. elegans physical and genetic data is Wormbase (www.wormbase.org). The draft genome of the closely related C. briggsae has recently been published, and efforts are ongoing to sequence the genome of the filarial parasite Brugia malayi . These genome sequences, together with numerous nematode expressed sequence tag (EST) projects from animal and plant parasites (www.nematode.net and www.nematodes.org), and the integrated physical and genetic map of the free-living marine nematode Pristionchus pacificus , will allow a more detailed understanding of the biology of the Nematoda. Such studies will present opportunities for the design of novel strategies for the control and therapy of parasitic nematodes.

Keywords:

  • Expressed Sequence Tags (ESTs);
  • Green Fluorescent Protein (GFP);
  • Microarray;
  • MicroRNAs;
  • Neuropeptides;
  • RNA Interference (RNAi)