Thale Cress (Arabidopsis thaliana) Genome
Published Online: 15 SEP 2006
Copyright © 2006 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA
Encyclopedia of Molecular Cell Biology and Molecular Medicine
How to Cite
Curtis, M. D. and Grossniklaus, U. 2006. Thale Cress (Arabidopsis thaliana) Genome. Encyclopedia of Molecular Cell Biology and Molecular Medicine.
- Published Online: 15 SEP 2006
The genome of the Thale Cress, Arabidopsis thaliana, was the first plant genome to be fully sequenced, providing a tool for the rapid characterization of biological processes. This versatile model organism has had a major impact on our understanding of the physiology, growth, and development of flowering plants, and their response to environmental stress. An in-depth understanding of model organisms, coupled with knowledge of crop systems, will provide rapid advancements in technology, including genetic engineering, that are required to overcome future predicted global climate changes and short falls in food production.
Keywords: Abaxial; Accession; Acetylation; Adaxial; ADP-ribosylation; Angiosperms; Apomict; Bacterial Artificial Chromosomes (BACs); Centromere; Cleaved Amplified Polymorphic Sequences (CAPS); Colinearity; Dicots; Dioecious Plants; Diploid; DNA Polymorphism; Ectopic Expression; Epigenetics; Euchromatin; Exon; Expressed Sequenced Tags; Forward Genetics; Gametophyte; Genetic Map; Haploid; Hermaphroditic Plants; Heterochromatin; Hexaploid; Histone; Homeotic Genes; Intron; Linkage Groups; Locus; Methylation; Monocots; Monoecious Plants; Morphological; Nucleosome; Orthologous Genes; ParalogousGenes; Pericentromeric; Phosphorylation; Phylogenetic Relationship; Physical Map; Polyploid; Rapid Amplified Polymorphic DNA; Recombination; Retroelements; Reverse Genetics; Satellite Repeat; Simple Sequence Length Polymorphisms (SSLP); Sumoylation; Synteny; Telomeres; Tiling Path; Transformation; Transposons; Ubiquitination; Vernalization; Yeast Artificial Chromosomes (YACs)