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Plant Pathology, Molecular

Molecular Biology of Specific Organisms

  1. Matt Dickinson

Published Online: 15 SEP 2006

DOI: 10.1002/3527600906.mcb.200400149

Reviews in Cell Biology and Molecular Medicine

Reviews in Cell Biology and Molecular Medicine

How to Cite

Dickinson, M. 2006. Plant Pathology, Molecular. Reviews in Cell Biology and Molecular Medicine. .

Author Information

  1. The University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 SEP 2006

Abstract

The interactions between plants and microbes can take many forms and involve complex molecular signaling between different organisms. In some cases, the interactions result in plant disease as the virus, bacterium, fungus, or oomycete pathogen colonizes the host tissue and accesses nutrients for its own development and proliferation. The mechanisms through which this occurs are both elegant and diverse, often involving production of specific pathogenicity factors, such as toxins or cell wall degrading enzymes, and suppression of the plant defense responses. In other cases, these plant defenses, which also include complex molecular signaling pathways within the plant and may involve structural barriers, nonhost resistance, induced resistance, and systemic resistance, are successful and combat the potential pathogen.

Keywords:

  • Pathogenicity Factors;
  • Necrotrophy;
  • Biotrophy;
  • Nonhost Resistance;
  • Host Resistance;
  • Resistance Genes;
  • Systemic Resistance