Chapter 6. Surface Forces

  1. Hans-Jürgen Butt,
  2. Karlheinz Graf and
  3. Michael Kappl

Published Online: 25 AUG 2004

DOI: 10.1002/3527602313.ch6

Physics and Chemistry of Interfaces

Physics and Chemistry of Interfaces

How to Cite

Butt, H.-J., Graf, K. and Kappl, M. (2003) Surface Forces, in Physics and Chemistry of Interfaces, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG. doi: 10.1002/3527602313.ch6

Author Information

  1. MPI für Polymerforschung Mainz, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 25 AUG 2004
  2. Published Print: 26 SEP 2003

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9783527404131

Online ISBN: 9783527602315

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Keywords:

  • surface forces;
  • van der Waals forces;
  • molecules;
  • macroscopic solids;
  • Lifshitz theory;
  • description of surface forces;
  • measurement techniques;
  • electrostatic double-layer force;
  • DLVO theory;
  • steric interaction;
  • polymers;
  • spherical particles in contact

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • van der Waals forces between molecules

  • The van der Waals force between macroscopic solids

    • Microscopic approach

    • Macroscopic calculation – Lifshitz theory

    • Surface energy and Hamaker constant

  • Concepts for the description of surface forces

    • The Derjaguin approximation

    • The disjoining pressure

  • Measurement of surface forces

  • The electrostatic double-layer force

    • General equations

    • Electrostatic interaction between two identical surfaces

    • The DLVO theory

  • Beyond DLVO theory

    • The solvation force and confined liquids

    • Non DLVO forces in an aqueous medium

  • Steric interaction

    • Properties of polymers

    • Force between polymer coated surfaces

  • Spherical particles in contact

  • Summary

  • Exercises