Chapter 2. Solidification

  1. Prof. Gernot Kostorz
  1. Prof. Heiner Müller-Krumbhaar1,
  2. Prof. Wilfried Kurz2 and
  3. Dr. Efim Brener1

Published Online: 28 JAN 2005

DOI: 10.1002/352760264X.ch2

Phase Transformations in Materials

Phase Transformations in Materials

How to Cite

Müller-Krumbhaar, H., Kurz, W. and Brener, E. (2001) Solidification, in Phase Transformations in Materials (ed G. Kostorz), Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG. doi: 10.1002/352760264X.ch2

Editor Information

  1. ETH Zürich, Institut fü Angewandte Physik, CH-8093 Zürich, Switzerland

Author Information

  1. 1

    Institut für Festkörperforschung, Forschungszentrum Jülich, D-52425 Jülich, Germany

  2. 2

    École Polytechnique de Lausanne, DMX-G, Ecublens, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 28 JAN 2005
  2. Published Print: 10 AUG 2001

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9783527302567

Online ISBN: 9783527602643

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Keywords:

  • solidification;
  • first-order phase transitions;
  • nucleation;
  • interface propagation;
  • Mullins–Sekerka instability;
  • free growth;
  • directional growth;
  • free dendritic growth;
  • cellular growth;
  • directional dendritic growth;
  • primary cell spacing;
  • eutectic growth

Summary

  • List of Symbols and Abbreviations

  • Introduction

  • Basic Concepts in First-Order Phase Transitions

    • Nucleation

    • Interface Propagation

    • Growth of Simple Crystal Forms

    • Mullins–Sekerka Instability

  • Basic Experimental Techniques

    • Free Growth

    • Directional Growth

  • Free Dendritic Growth

    • The Needle Crystal Solution

    • Side-Branching Dendrites

    • Experimental Results on Free Dendritic Growth

  • Directional Solidification

    • Thermodynamics of Two-Component Systems

    • Scaled Model Equations

    • Cellular Growth

    • Directional Dendritic Growth

    • The Selection Problem of Primary Cell Spacing

    • Experimental Results on Directional Dendritic Growth

    • Extensions

  • Eutectic Growth

    • Basic Concepts

    • Experimental Results on Eutectic Growth

    • Other Topics

  • Summary and Outlook

  • References