Chapter 2. Kinetics

  1. Prof. Dr. I. Chorkendorff1 and
  2. Prof. Dr. J. W. Niemantsverdriet2

Published Online: 28 JAN 2005

DOI: 10.1002/3527602658.ch2

Concepts of Modern Catalysis and Kinetics

Concepts of Modern Catalysis and Kinetics

How to Cite

Chorkendorff, I. and Niemantsverdriet, J. W. (2003) Kinetics, in Concepts of Modern Catalysis and Kinetics, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG. doi: 10.1002/3527602658.ch2

Author Information

  1. 1

    Technical University of Denmark, Interdisciplinary Research Center for Catalysis (ICAT), Building 312, DK 2800 Lyngby, Denmark

  2. 2

    Eindhoven University of Technology, Schuit Institute of Catalysis, NL 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 28 JAN 2005
  2. Published Print: 8 OCT 2003

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9783527305742

Online ISBN: 9783527602650

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Keywords:

  • kinetics;
  • rate equation;
  • power rate laws;
  • thermodynamic equilibrium;
  • chemical equilibrium;
  • ammonia synthesis;
  • coupled reactions;
  • steady-state approximation;
  • flow reactor;
  • batch reactor;
  • catalytic reactions;
  • mean-field approximation;
  • Langmuir adsorption isotherms;
  • reaction mechanisms;
  • Langmuir–Hinshelwood mechanisms;
  • Eley–Rideal mechanisms;
  • quasi-equilibrium approximation;
  • irreversible step approximation;
  • MARI approximation;
  • reaction order;
  • activation energy;
  • entropy production;
  • auto catalysis;
  • oscillating reactions;
  • enzyme-catalyzed reactions

Summary

  • Introduction

  • The Rate Equation and Power Rate Laws

  • Reactions and Thermodynamic Equilibrium

    • Example of Chemical Equilibrium: The Ammonia Synthesis

    • Chemical Equilibrium for a Non-ideal Gas

  • Temperature Dependence of the Rate

  • Integrated Rate Equations: Time Dependence of Concentrations in Reactions of Different Orders

  • Coupled Reactions in Flow Reactors: The Steady-state Approximation

  • Coupled Reactions in Batch Reactors

  • Catalytic Reactions

    • The Mean-field Approximation

  • Langmuir Adsorption Isotherms

    • Associative Adsorption

    • Dissociative Adsorption

    • Competitive Adsorption

  • Reaction Mechanisms

    • Langmuir–Hinshelwood or Eley–Rideal Mechanisms

    • Langmuir–Hinshelwood Kinetics

    • The Complete Solution

    • The Steady State Approximation

    • The Quasi-equilibrium Approximation

    • Steps with Similar Rates

    • Irreversible Step Approximation

    • The MARI Approximation

    • Nearly Empty Surface

    • Reaction Order

    • Apparent Activation Energy

  • Entropy, Entropy Production, Auto Catalysis and Oscillating Reactions

  • Kinetics of Enzyme-catalyzed Reactions