Chapter 6. Surface Reactivity

  1. Prof. Dr. I. Chorkendorff1 and
  2. Prof. Dr. J. W. Niemantsverdriet2

Published Online: 28 JAN 2005

DOI: 10.1002/3527602658.ch6

Concepts of Modern Catalysis and Kinetics

Concepts of Modern Catalysis and Kinetics

How to Cite

Chorkendorff, I. and Niemantsverdriet, J. W. (2003) Surface Reactivity, in Concepts of Modern Catalysis and Kinetics, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG. doi: 10.1002/3527602658.ch6

Author Information

  1. 1

    Technical University of Denmark, Interdisciplinary Research Center for Catalysis (ICAT), Building 312, DK 2800 Lyngby, Denmark

  2. 2

    Eindhoven University of Technology, Schuit Institute of Catalysis, NL 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 28 JAN 2005
  2. Published Print: 8 OCT 2003

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9783527305742

Online ISBN: 9783527602650

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Keywords:

  • surface reactivity;
  • physisorption;
  • Van der Waals interaction;
  • chemical bonding;
  • solid surface;
  • jellium model;
  • chemisorption;
  • Newns–Anderson model;
  • adsorption;
  • surface reactivity;
  • surface reactivity;
  • dissociation;
  • Sabatier's principle;
  • heterogeneous catalysis;
  • ethylene hydrogenation

Summary

  • Introduction

  • Physisorption

    • The Van der Waals Interaction

    • Including the Repulsive Part

  • Chemical Bonding

    • Bonding in Molecules

      • Diatomic Molecule

      • Homonuclear Diatomic Molecules

      • Heteronuclear System

    • The Solid Surface

      • Work Function

      • Free Electron Gas and the Jellium Model

      • Tight Binding Model

      • Simple Model of a Transition Metal

  • Chemisorption

    • Newns–Anderson Model

      • Case 1: Atom on a Metal of Constant Electron Density

      • Case 2: Atom on an sp Metal

      • Case 3: Atom on a Transition Metal

    • Summary of Newns–Anderson Approximation in Qualitative Terms

      • Adsorption on a Free-electron Metal

      • Atomic Adsorption on a Transition or d Metal

      • Adsorption of a Molecule on a Transition Metal

    • Electrostatic Effects in Atomic Adsorbates on Jellium

  • Important Trends in Surface Reactivity

    • Trend in Atomic Chemisorption Energies

    • Trends in Molecular Chemisorption

      • Effects of Stress and Strain on Chemisorption

    • Trends in Surface Reactivity

      • Physisorption, Chemisorption and Dissociation

      • Dissociative Adsorption: N2 on Ruthenium Surfaces

      • Trends in Dissociative Adsorption

      • Transition States and the Effect of Coverage: Ethylene Hydrogenation

      • Sabatier's Principle

      • Opportunities for Tuning Surface Reactivity

    • Universality in Heterogeneous Catalysis