Chapter 8. Heterogeneous Catalysis in Practice: Hydrogen

  1. Prof. Dr. I. Chorkendorff1 and
  2. Prof. Dr. J. W. Niemantsverdriet2

Published Online: 28 JAN 2005

DOI: 10.1002/3527602658.ch8

Concepts of Modern Catalysis and Kinetics

Concepts of Modern Catalysis and Kinetics

How to Cite

Chorkendorff, I. and Niemantsverdriet, J. W. (2003) Heterogeneous Catalysis in Practice: Hydrogen, in Concepts of Modern Catalysis and Kinetics, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG. doi: 10.1002/3527602658.ch8

Author Information

  1. 1

    Technical University of Denmark, Interdisciplinary Research Center for Catalysis (ICAT), Building 312, DK 2800 Lyngby, Denmark

  2. 2

    Eindhoven University of Technology, Schuit Institute of Catalysis, NL 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 28 JAN 2005
  2. Published Print: 8 OCT 2003

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9783527305742

Online ISBN: 9783527602650

SEARCH

Keywords:

  • heterogeneous catalysis;
  • hydrogen;
  • steam reforming process;
  • SPARG process;
  • poisoning by sulfur;
  • gold–nickel alloy catalysts;
  • methane;
  • methanol formation;
  • partial oxidation of methane;
  • synthesis gas;
  • methanol synthesis;
  • Fischer–Tropsch process;
  • water gas shift reaction;
  • synthesis of ammonia;
  • promoters;
  • inhibitors;
  • fuel cells;
  • proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC);
  • solid oxide fuel cell;
  • hydrogen storage;
  • hydrogen transportation

Summary

  • Introduction

  • Steam Reforming Process

    • Basic Concepts of the Process

    • Mechanistic Details of Steam Reforming

    • Challenges in the Steam Reforming Process

    • The SPARG Process: Selective Poisoning by Sulfur

    • Gold–Nickel Alloy Catalysts for Steam Reforming

    • Direct Uses of Methane

      • Direct Methanol Formation

      • Catalytic Partial Oxidation of Methane

  • Reactions of Synthesis Gas

    • Methanol Synthesis

      • Basic Concepts of the Process

      • Methanol Directly Synthesized from CO and H2

    • Fischer–Tropsch Process

  • Water Gas Shift Reaction

  • Synthesis of Ammonia

    • History of Ammonia Synthesis

    • Ammonia Synthesis Plant

    • Operating the Reactor

    • Scientific Rationale for Improving Catalysts

  • Promoters and Inhibitors

  • The “Hydrogen Society”

    • The Need for Sustainable Energy

    • Sustainable Energy Sources

    • Hydrogen and Fuel Cells

      • The Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC)

      • Solid Oxide Fuel Cell

      • Efficiency of Fuel Cells

      • Hydrogen Storage and Transportation