Chapter 1. Basic Principles of Thermostatics

  1. Prof. Dr. Debashish Chowdhury1 and
  2. Prof. Dr. Dietrich Stauffer2

Published Online: 28 JAN 2005

DOI: 10.1002/3527603158.ch1

Principles of Equilibrium Statistical Mechanics

Principles of Equilibrium Statistical Mechanics

How to Cite

Chowdhury, D. and Stauffer, D. (2000) Basic Principles of Thermostatics, in Principles of Equilibrium Statistical Mechanics, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG. doi: 10.1002/3527603158.ch1

Author Information

  1. 1

    Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India

  2. 2

    University of Cologne, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 28 JAN 2005
  2. Published Print: 27 JUL 2000

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9783527403004

Online ISBN: 9783527603152

SEARCH

Keywords:

  • thermostatics;
  • basic principles;
  • extensive variables;
  • intensive variables;
  • equilibrium;
  • first law of thermostatics;
  • second law;
  • third law;
  • Euler and Gibbs-Duhem relations;
  • response functions;
  • thermostatic relations

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Extensive and Intensive Variables

  • Entropy and Temperature

  • Concept of Equilibrium

  • Internal Energy and the First Law

  • “Processes” in Thermostatics; Cycles

  • Constraints and Walls

  • Fundamental Relation, Equations of State

  • Euler and Gibbs-Duhem Relations

  • Second Law of Thermostatics

  • Third Law of Thermostatics

  • Conditions for Fundamental Relations

  • Extremum Principles for Equilibrium

    • Entropy-maximum/Energy-minimum Principles

    • Concept of a Reservoir

    • Why T is Called Temperature

    • Thermostatic Potentials and Equilibrium

  • Response Functions

  • Thermostatic Relations

  • Second Law: Alternative Statements

  • Some Applications of Thermostatics

  • Chapter Summary

  • Historical Notes

    • First Law of Thermostatics

    • Second Law of Thermostatics

    • Third Law of Thermostatics

    • Gibbs and Modern Thermostatics

    • Duhem and Applications of Thermostatics

  • Problems

  • Supplementary Notes

    • Convexity and Concavity of Thermostatic Variables

    • Mathematical Foundation of Thermostatics

    • Applications of Thermostatics