Chapter 5. Forces

  1. Bo E. Sernelius Professor

Published Online: 28 JAN 2005

DOI: 10.1002/3527603166.ch5

Surface Modes in Physics

Surface Modes in Physics

How to Cite

Sernelius, B. E. (2005) Forces, in Surface Modes in Physics, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG. doi: 10.1002/3527603166.ch5

Author Information

  1. Department of Physics and Measurement Technology, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden,∼boser/

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 28 JAN 2005
  2. Published Print: 29 MAY 2001

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9783527403134

Online ISBN: 9783527603169



  • surface modes;
  • forces;
  • permanent dipole moments;
  • two molecules;
  • two ions;
  • polarizable atoms;
  • van der Waals equation


  • Two molecules with permanent dipole moments

  • One ion and one molecule with permanent dipole moment

  • Two molecules one with and one without permanent dipole moment

  • Two molecules without permanent dipole moments

  • Two ions

  • Three or more polarizable atoms

  • Interaction between macroscopic objects

  • Interaction between two spheres: limiting results

  • Interaction between two spheres: general results

    • Radially varying dielectric functions

  • General expression for small separations

  • Cylinders and half-spaces

  • Summation of pair interactions

  • Derivation of the van der Waals equation of state