Chapter 1.5. β-Amino Acids in Nature

  1. Professor Dr. Carsten Schmuck3 and
  2. Professor Dr. Helma Wennemers4
  1. Franz von Nussbaum1 and
  2. Peter Spiteller2

Published Online: 27 MAY 2005

DOI: 10.1002/3527603727.ch1e

Highlights in Bioorganic Chemistry: Methods and Applications

Highlights in Bioorganic Chemistry: Methods and Applications

How to Cite

von Nussbaum, F. and Spiteller, P. (2004) β-Amino Acids in Nature, in Highlights in Bioorganic Chemistry: Methods and Applications (eds C. Schmuck and H. Wennemers), Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG. doi: 10.1002/3527603727.ch1e

Editor Information

  1. 3

    Institute of Organic Chemistry, University of Würzburg, Am Hubland, 97074 Würzburg, Germany

  2. 4

    Department of Chemistry, University of Basel, St. Johanns Ring 19, CH-4056 Basel, Switzerland

Author Information

  1. 1

    Bayer AG, Pharma Research PH-R-EU-CR, Geb. 460/3, 42096 Wuppertal, Germany

  2. 2

    Institut für Organische Chemie und Biochemie, Technische Universität München, Lichtenbergstraße 4, 85747 Garching, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 27 MAY 2005
  2. Published Print: 14 JAN 2004

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9783527306565

Online ISBN: 9783527603725



  • biomolecules;
  • conformation;
  • β-amino acids in nature


This chapter contains sections titled:

    • Introduction

    • β-Amino Acids and their Metabolites in Nature — Taxonomy of the Producer Organisms

    • Common β-Amino Acids - Nomenclature

      • β-Alanine

      • Seebach's Nomenclature for β-Amino Acids

      • (R)- and (S)-β-Aminoisobutyric Acid [(R)-β-AiB and (S)-β-AiB]

    • β-Amino Acids Related to Proteinogenic α-Amino Acids

      • Aliphatic β-Amino Acids - β-Lysine, β-Leucine, β-Arginine, and β-Glutamate

      • Aromatic β-Amino Acids - β-Phenylalanine, β-Tyrosine, and β-3,4-Dihydroxyphenylalanine

    • Miscellaneous β-Amino Acids

      • β-Amino-L-alanine (L-Dap)

      • β-Amino Acids Related to Cyanobacteria - Aboa, Adda, Admpa, Ahda, Ahmp, Ahoa, Amba, Amha, Amoa, Aoya, L-Apa, and Map

      • Cispentacin as a Chemical Lead Structure — Interaction of β-Amino Acids with Natural α-Amino Acid-processing Systems

    • Limiting the β-Amino Acid Concept

    • Conclusion

    • Dedication

    • Acknowledgment

    • References