Chapter 1. Bacterial Metabolism in Wastewater Treatment Systems

  1. Priv.-Doz. Dr. Hans-Joachim Jördening1 and
  2. Prof. Dr. Josef Winter2
  1. Claudia Gallert and
  2. Prof. Dr. Josef Winter

Published Online: 26 JUL 2005

DOI: 10.1002/3527604286.ch1

Environmental Biotechnology: Concepts and Applications

Environmental Biotechnology: Concepts and Applications

How to Cite

Gallert, C. and Winter, J. (2004) Bacterial Metabolism in Wastewater Treatment Systems, in Environmental Biotechnology: Concepts and Applications (eds H.-J. Jördening and J. Winter), Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG. doi: 10.1002/3527604286.ch1

Editor Information

  1. 1

    Institut für Technische Chemie, Abt. Technologie der Kohlenhydrate, Technische Universität Braunschweig, Langer Kamp 5, 38106 Braunschweig, Germany

  2. 2

    Institut für Ingenieurbiologie und Biotechnologie des Abwassers, Universität Karlsruhe (TH), Am Fasanengarten, Postfach 6980, 76128 Karlsruhe, Germany

Author Information

  1. Institut für Ingenieurbiologie und Biotechnologie des Abwassers, Universität Karlsruhe (TH), Am Fasanengarten, Postfach 6980, 76128 Karlsruhe, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 26 JUL 2005
  2. Published Print: 24 NOV 2004

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9783527305858

Online ISBN: 9783527604289

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Keywords:

  • environmental biotechnology;
  • concepts and applications;
  • bacterial metabolism in wastewater treatment systems;
  • decomposition of organic carbon compounds;
  • nitrogen removal;
  • enhanced biological phosphate removal;
  • biotransformation and biosorption of metal ions from contaminated wastewater;
  • aerobic and anaerobic degradation of xenobiotics;
  • bioaugmentation in wastewater treatment

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Decomposition of Organic Carbon Compounds in Natural and Manmade Ecosystems

    • Basic Biology, Mass, and Energy Balance of Aerobic Biopolymer Degradation

      • Mass and Energy Balance for Aerobic Glucose Respiration and Sewage Sludge Stabilization

      • Mass and Energy Balance for Anaerobic Glucose Degradation and Sewage Sludge Stabilization

    • General Considerations for the Choice of Aerobic or Anaerobic Wastewater Treatment Systems

    • Aerobic or Anaerobic Hydrolysis of Biopolymers: Kinetic Aspects

    • Hydrolysis of Cellulose by Aerobic and Anaerobic Microorganisms: Biological Aspects

    • Biomass Degradation in the Presence of Inorganic Electron Acceptors and by an Anaerobic Food Chain

    • Roles of Molecular Hydrogen and Acetate During Anaerobic Biopolymer Degradation

    • Anaerobic Conversion of Biopolymers to Methane and CO2

      • Anaerobic Degradation of Carbohydrates in Wastewater

      • Anaerobic Degradation of Protein

      • Anaerobic Degradation of Neutral Fats and Lipids

    • Competition of Sulfate Reducers with Methanogens in Methane Reactors

    • Amount and Composition of Biogas During Fermentation of Carbohydrates, Proteins, and Fats

  • Nitrogen Removal During Wastewater Treatment

    • Ammonification

    • Nitrification of Ammonia

      • Autotrophic Nitrification

      • Heterotrophic Nitrification

    • Denitrification: Nitrate Removal from Wastewater

    • Combined Nitrification and Denitrification

    • Anaerobic Ammonia Oxidation (Anammox®)

    • New N-removal Processes

  • Enhanced Biological Phosphate Removal

  • Biological Removal, Biotransformation, and Biosorption of Metal Ions from Contaminated Wastewater

    • Sulfate Reduction and Metal Ion Precipitation

  • Aerobic and Anaerobic Degradation of Xenobiotics

  • Bioaugmentation in Wastewater Treatment Plants for Degradation of Xenobiotics

  • References