Chapter 6. The Phytochromes

  1. Prof. Dr. Winslow R. Briggs2 and
  2. Prof. Dr. John L. Spudich3
  1. Shih-Long Tu and
  2. J. Clark Lagarias

Published Online: 26 SEP 2005

DOI: 10.1002/352760510X.ch6

Handbook of Photosensory Receptors

Handbook of Photosensory Receptors

How to Cite

Tu, S.-L. and Lagarias, J. C. (2005) The Phytochromes, in Handbook of Photosensory Receptors (eds W. R. Briggs and J. L. Spudich), Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG. doi: 10.1002/352760510X.ch6

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Department of Plant Biology, Carnegie Institution of Washington, 260 Panama St., Stanford, CA 94305, USA

  2. 3

    Center for Membrane Biology, Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, University of Texas Medical School, 6431 Fannin Street, MSB 6.130, Houston, TX 77030, USA

Author Information

  1. University of California at Davis, Section of Molecular and Cell Biology, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 26 SEP 2005
  2. Published Print: 17 FEB 2005

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9783527310197

Online ISBN: 9783527605101



  • photosensory receptors;
  • phytochromes;
  • photomorphogenesis;
  • molecular mechanism of phytochrome signaling


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

    • Photomorphogenesis and Phytochromes

    • The Central Dogma of Phytochrome Action

  • Molecular Properties of Eukaryotic and Prokaryotic Phytochromes

    • Molecular Properties of Plant Phytochromes

    • Molecular Properties of Cyanobacterial Phytochromes

  • Photochemical and Nonphotochemical Conversions of Phytochrome

    • The Phytochrome Chromophore

    • Phytochrome Photointerconversions

    • Dark Reversion

  • Phytochrome Biosynthesis and Turnover

    • Phytobilin Biosynthesis in Plants and Cyanobacteria

    • Apophytochrome Biosynthesis and Holophytochrome Assembly

    • Phytochrome Turnover

  • Molecular Mechanism of Phytochrome Signaling: Future Perspective

    • Regulation of Protein–Protein Interactions by Phosphorylation

    • Regulation of Tetrapyrrole Metabolism

  • Acknowledgements

  • References