Mechanical Characterization of Cement Reinforced with Fique Fibers

  1. Prof. F. H. Wittmann
  1. A.J. Moraño,
  2. L.E.G. Cambronero,
  3. I. Chacón and
  4. J.M. Ruiz Roman

Published Online: 23 DEC 2005

DOI: 10.1002/3527606211.ch9

Materials for Buildings and Structures, Volume 6

Materials for Buildings and Structures, Volume 6

How to Cite

Moraño, A.J., Cambronero, L.E.G., Chacón, I. and Ruiz Roman, J.M. (2000) Mechanical Characterization of Cement Reinforced with Fique Fibers, in Materials for Buildings and Structures, Volume 6 (ed F. H. Wittmann), Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG. doi: 10.1002/3527606211.ch9

Editor Information

  1. ETH Zürich, Institut für Baustoffe, Werkstoffchemie und Korrosion, ETH Hönggerberg, HIF E12, 8093 Zürich, Switzerland

Author Information

  1. Material Engineering Dept. School of Mines - UPM, Ríos Rosas 21, 28003 Madrid - Spain

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 23 DEC 2005
  2. Published Print: 20 APR 2000

Book Series:

  1. EUROMAT 99

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9783527301256

Online ISBN: 9783527606214

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Keywords:

  • materials for buildings and structures;
  • cement reinforced with fique fibers;
  • mechanical characterization;
  • fiber addition

Summary

Low ductility, flexural resistance and impact resistance is a characteristic of cement mortars and concrete. This limits the application of these ceramics materials when dynamic loads are present. Then, fiber addition is one way to increase these properties, especially ductility.

In this work, natural fibers from a plant known as “fique” are used as reinforcement since they are cheap and non toxic, although their durability and resistance is low. Different fiber lengths were used (1 cm to 3 cm), with a final content of 2 % to 6 % in weight of fiber. Several procedures for mixing based on Standard UNE-EN 196–1 were used in order to get a well homogenization of fibers into the mortar.

Besides flexural strength and compression strength (according UNE-EN 196–1 Standard), a parameter of toughness according with UNE 83–510–89 was obtained. This parameter allows evaluating the improvement of toughness after fiber addition.