Chapter 3.2. Distillation

  1. Professor Dr. Carlos A. M. Afonso3 and
  2. Professor Dr. João G. Crespo4
  1. Sven Steinigeweg1 and
  2. Jürgen Gmehling2

Published Online: 9 FEB 2006

DOI: 10.1002/3527606602.ch3b

Green Separation Processes: Fundamentals and Applications

Green Separation Processes: Fundamentals and Applications

How to Cite

Steinigeweg, S. and Gmehling, J. (2005) Distillation, in Green Separation Processes: Fundamentals and Applications (eds C. A. M. Afonso and J. G. Crespo), Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG. doi: 10.1002/3527606602.ch3b

Editor Information

  1. 3

    CQFM, Department of Chemical Engineering, Instituto Superior Técnico, 1049-001 Lisbon, Portugal

  2. 4

    REQUIMTE/CQFB, Department of Chemistry, FCT/Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Campus da Caparica, 2829-516 Caparica, Portugal

Author Information

  1. 1

    Cognis Deutschland, Process Development, 40587 Düsseldorf, Germany

  2. 2

    University of Oldenburg, Faculty V, Institute for Pure and Applied Chemistry, 26111 Oldenburg, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 9 FEB 2006
  2. Published Print: 25 MAY 2005

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9783527309856

Online ISBN: 9783527606603

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Keywords:

  • distillation;
  • phase equilibria;
  • azeotropy;
  • distillation processes;
  • coupled columns;
  • reactive distillation;
  • column internals

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Phase Equilibria

    • Calculation of Vapor-liquid Equilibria

      • Using Activity-Coefficient Models

      • Using Equations of State (EOS) for VLE Calculations

      • Azeotropy

    • Calculation of Distillation Processes

  • Distillation Processes

    • Separating Azeotropic Mixtures

    • Coupled Columns

    • Reactive Distillation

      • Thermodynamic Properties

      • Reaction Kinetics and Modeling

    • Combination of Distillation with Other Unit Operations

  • Column Internals

    • Internals for Conventional Distillation Processes

    • Internals for Reactive Distillation Processes

  • Summary