Chapter 3.5. Fluid Extraction

  1. Professor Dr. Carlos A. M. Afonso5 and
  2. Professor Dr. João G. Crespo6
  1. Anna Banet Osuna1,
  2. Ana Šerbanović1,
  3. Manuel Nunes da Ponte2,
  4. Hiroshi Matsubara3,
  5. Ilhyong Ryu3 and
  6. Jairton Dupont4

Published Online: 9 FEB 2006

DOI: 10.1002/3527606602.ch3e

Green Separation Processes: Fundamentals and Applications

Green Separation Processes: Fundamentals and Applications

How to Cite

Banet Osuna, A., Šerbanović, A., Nunes da Ponte, M., Matsubara, H., Ryu, I. and Dupont, J. (2005) Fluid Extraction, in Green Separation Processes: Fundamentals and Applications (eds C. A. M. Afonso and J. G. Crespo), Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG. doi: 10.1002/3527606602.ch3e

Editor Information

  1. 5

    CQFM, Department of Chemical Engineering, Instituto Superior Técnico, 1049-001 Lisbon, Portugal

  2. 6

    REQUIMTE/CQFB, Department of Chemistry, FCT/Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Campus da Caparica, 2829-516 Caparica, Portugal

Author Information

  1. 1

    Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Instituto de Tecnologia Química e, Biológica, Aptd. 127, 2781-901 Oeiras, Portugal

  2. 2

    New University of Lisbon, Quinta da Torre, 2829-516 Caparica, Portugal

  3. 3

    Department of Chemistry, Graduate School of Science, Osaka Prefecture University, Sakai, Osaka 599-8531, Japan

  4. 4

    Laboratory of Molecular Catalysis, Institute of Chemistry, URFGS, Av. Bento Gonçalves, 9150-970 Porto Alegre RS, Brazil

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 9 FEB 2006
  2. Published Print: 25 MAY 2005

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9783527309856

Online ISBN: 9783527606603



  • fluid extraction;
  • supercritical fluids;
  • extraction with carbon dioxide;
  • fractionation of liquid mixtures;
  • hydrogenation in CO2;
  • fluorinated solvents;
  • ionic liquids


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Supercritical Fluids

    • Introduction

    • Supercritical Fluids and Clean Separations

    • Extraction with Carbon Dioxide

    • Fractionation of Liquid Mixtures

    • Supercritical, Near-critical and “Expanded” Solvents in Chemical Reactions

    • Phase Equilibrium and Reaction-rate Control

    • Hydrogenations in CO2

    • Ionic Liquids and Supercritical Carbon Dioxide

    • A Note on Supercritical Water

  • Fluorinated Solvents

    • Introduction

    • Benzotrifluoride (BTF)

    • Fluorous Ether F-626

    • F-DMF

    • FC-72 (Perfluorohexanes)

    • Conclusion

  • Ionic Liquids: Structure, Properties and Major Applications in Extraction/Reaction Technology

    • Introduction

    • Ionic Liquids: Overview

    • Preparation and Some Physico-Chemical Properties of 1,3-Dialkylimidazolium ILs

    • Chemical Stability and Toxicity of 1,3-Dialkylimidazolium Ionic Liquids

    • “Solvent” Properties and Structure of Imidazolium ILs

    • Solubility of Ionic Liquids

    • Extraction/Separation Processes Involving Ionic Liquids

    • Multiphase Catalysis Employing Ionic Liquids

    • Conclusions and Perspectives