Chapter 3.8. Separations Using Superheated Water

  1. Professor Dr. Carlos A. M. Afonso2 and
  2. Professor Dr. João G. Crespo3
  1. Anthony A. Clifford

Published Online: 9 FEB 2006

DOI: 10.1002/3527606602.ch3h

Green Separation Processes: Fundamentals and Applications

Green Separation Processes: Fundamentals and Applications

How to Cite

Clifford, A. A. (2005) Separations Using Superheated Water, in Green Separation Processes: Fundamentals and Applications (eds C. A. M. Afonso and J. G. Crespo), Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG. doi: 10.1002/3527606602.ch3h

Editor Information

  1. 2

    CQFM, Department of Chemical Engineering, Instituto Superior Técnico, 1049-001 Lisbon, Portugal

  2. 3

    REQUIMTE/CQFB, Department of Chemistry, FCT/Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Campus da Caparica, 2829-516 Caparica, Portugal

Author Information

  1. School of Chemistry, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 9 FEB 2006
  2. Published Print: 25 MAY 2005

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9783527309856

Online ISBN: 9783527606603



  • separations using superheated water;
  • polarity;
  • solubilities of organic compounds;
  • extraction and degradation studies;
  • extraction of biomass;
  • extraction of liquids


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

    • Polarity

    • Solubilities of Organic Compounds

    • Laboratory-scale Extraction

    • Pilot-plant Equipment

    • Energy Considerations

  • Extraction and Degradation Studies

    • Extraction From Solids and Semi-solids Other Than Biomass

    • Extraction with Simultaneous Degradation

    • Pilot-scale Studies of Decontamination

  • Extraction of Biomass

    • Laboratory-scale Extractions

    • Extraction with Reaction

    • Process Development

  • Extraction of Liquids

  • Chromatography