Automatic “Bleed Out” Detection and Plug off in VDC Billet Casting

  1. Dipl.-Ing. K. Ehrke Chairman2 and
  2. Prof. Dr. W. Schneider3
  1. Manfred Lück

Published Online: 21 APR 2006

DOI: 10.1002/3527607331.ch44

Continuous Casting

Continuous Casting

How to Cite

Lück, M. (2000) Automatic “Bleed Out” Detection and Plug off in VDC Billet Casting, in Continuous Casting (eds K. Ehrke and W. Schneider), Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG. doi: 10.1002/3527607331.ch44

Editor Information

  1. 2

    ALUMINIUM Essen GmbH, Sulterkamp 71, D-45356 Essen, Germany

  2. 3

    VAW Aluminium AG, Forschung und Entwicklung, Georg-von-Boeselager-Str. 25, D-53117 Bonn, Germany

Author Information

  1. Wagstaff Inc., Spokane WA, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 21 APR 2006
  2. Published Print: 29 NOV 2000

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9783527302833

Online ISBN: 9783527607334



  • continuous casting;
  • automatic “bleed out” detection;
  • billet casting systems


The use of modern billet casting systems, the practice of preventive maintenance, and thorough training of operators have combined to significantly reduce, but not fully eliminate, the possibility of bleed-outs. Localizing the bleeding position can be challenging and the common practice to manually plug off a bleeding billet by hand with a stop off cone brings an operator close to molten metal. As an advanced step in VDC billet casting a system for automatic bleed-out detection and plug off is presented. Experimental results and field results from the first European application in a production environment are reported.