Chapter 3. Chemical Additives

  1. Dipl.-Ing. Herbert Holik
  1. Dipl.-Ing. Werner J. Auhorn

Published Online: 6 JUN 2006

DOI: 10.1002/3527608257.ch3

Handbook of Paper and Board

Handbook of Paper and Board

How to Cite

Auhorn, W. J. (2006) Chemical Additives, in Handbook of Paper and Board (ed H. Holik), Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG. doi: 10.1002/3527608257.ch3

Editor Information

  1. Corporate R&D and Technology, Voith Paper, Escher Wyss Str. 25, 88212 Ravensburg, Germany

Author Information

  1. formerly BASF, Senior Consultant, Frankenthal, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 6 JUN 2006
  2. Published Print: 20 JAN 2006

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9783527309979

Online ISBN: 9783527608256

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Keywords:

  • paper;
  • board;
  • chemical additives;
  • basic chemicals;
  • bleaching chemicals;
  • starch;
  • aluminum compounds;
  • functional chemicals;
  • process chemicals;
  • application of chemical additives

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Basic Chemicals

  • Bleaching Chemicals

    • Bleaching Substances

    • Bleaching Auxiliaries

  • Starch

    • Products and Market Figures

    • Chemistry, Modification and Conversion Technologies, Properties

    • Starch Application

  • Aluminum Compounds

  • Functional Chemicals

    • Coloring Materials (Dyes)

      • General

      • Classes of Coloring Material

      • Dyeing Processes

      • Requirements of Colored Paper and Board

    • Optical Brightening Agents (OBA) – Fluorescent Whitening Agents (FWA)

    • Chelating Agents – Complexing Agents

    • Sizing Agents

      • Fundamental Aspects of Paper Sizing

      • Product Classes

      • Application Advice

      • Requirements and Measurements of Sized Papers

    • Dry-Strength Resins (DSR)

    • Wet Strength Resins (WSR)

      • Melamine-Formaldehyde Resins

      • Urea-Formaldehyde Resins

      • Epoxidised Polyamide Resins

      • Glyoxalated Polyacrylamide Resins

      • Other Wet-Strength Resins

    • Additives for Recovered Fiber Processing

      • Additives for Repulping

      • Additives for Deinking

    • Additives for Specialty Papers

      • Photographic Base Paper

      • Banknote Papers

      • Laminate Papers: Décor Paper, Pre-impregnated Foils

      • Filter Papers

      • Imitation Parchment (Food Packaging)

      • Aquarelle Board

      • Carbonless Copying Paper

      • Ink-jet Papers

      • Fire-resistant Papers

      • Anticorrosion Papers

      • Abrasive Base Papers

      • Papers with Barrier Properties

    • Additives for Paper and Board Coating

      • General Aspects

      • Market Situation and Future Trends

      • Components of Coating Colors

      • Color Formulations

  • Process Chemicals

    • Retention and Drainage Aids (RDA)

      • Retention Aids

      • Drainage Aids

    • Fixing Agents

    • Additives for Pitch and Deposit Control

    • Slimicides and Biocides

    • Defoamers and Deaerators

    • Cleaning Agents

    • Flocculants and Coagulants for Clarification of Different Water Sources

      • Fresh or Raw Water

      • Recycled Process Water

      • Effluents

  • General Remarks on the Application of Chemical Additives

  • References