Chapter 2. Laser–Matter Interaction Confined Inside the Bulk of a Transparent Solid

  1. Hiroaki Misawa and
  2. Saulius Juodkazis
  1. Eugene Gamaly,
  2. Barry Luther-Davies and
  3. Andrei Rode

Published Online: 29 JUN 2006

DOI: 10.1002/352760846X.ch2

3D Laser Microfabrication: Principles and Applications

3D Laser Microfabrication: Principles and Applications

How to Cite

Gamaly, E., Luther-Davies, B. and Rode, A. (2006) Laser–Matter Interaction Confined Inside the Bulk of a Transparent Solid, in 3D Laser Microfabrication: Principles and Applications (eds H. Misawa and S. Juodkazis), Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG. doi: 10.1002/352760846X.ch2

Editor Information

  1. Research Institute for Electronic Science, Hokkaido University, North 21 – West 10, CRIS Bldg., Sapporo 001-0021, Japan

Author Information

  1. Laser Physics Centre, Oliphant Building No. 60, Research School of Physical Sciences and Engineering, The Australian National University, Canberra ACT 0200, Australia

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 29 JUN 2006
  2. Published Print: 6 JUN 2006

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9783527310555

Online ISBN: 9783527608461



  • laser–matter interaction;
  • transparent solid;
  • temperature;
  • absorption mechanism;
  • “optical damage”;
  • phase transition;
  • fluorescence;
  • photopolymerization;
  • optical breakdown;
  • shock wave;
  • multiple-pulse interaction


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Laser–matter Interactions: Basic Processes and Governing Equations

    • Laser Intensity Distribution in a Focal Domain

    • Absorbed Energy Density Rate

    • Electron–phonon (ions) Energy Exchange, Heat Conduction and Hydrodynamics: Two-temperature Approximation

    • Temperature in the Absorption Region

    • Absorption Mechanisms

    • Threshold for the Change in Optical and Material Properties (“Optical Damage”)

  • Nondestructive Interaction: Laser-induced Phase Transitions

    • Electron–Phonon Energy Exchange Rate

    • Phase Transition Criteria and Time

    • Formation of Diffractive Structures in Different Materials

      • Modifications Induced by Light in Noncrystalline Chalcogenide Glass

      • Two-photon Excitation of Fluorescence

      • Photopolymerization

      • Photorefractive Effect

  • Laser–Solid Interaction at High Intensity

    • Limitations Imposed by the Laser Beam Self-focusing

    • Optical Breakdown: Ionization Mechanisms and Thresholds

      • Ionization by Electron Impact (Avalanche Ionization)

      • Multiphoton Ionization

    • Transient Electron and Energy Density in a Focal Domain

      • Ionization and Damage Thresholds

      • Absorption Coefficient and Absorption Depth in Plasma

      • Electron Temperature and Pressure in Energy Deposition Volume to the End of the Laser Pulse

    • Electron-to-ion Energy Transfer: Heat Conduction and Shock Wave Formation

      • Electronic Heat Conduction

      • Shock Wave Formation

    • Shock Wave Expansion and Stopping

    • Shock and Rarefaction Waves: Formation of Void

    • Properties of Shock-and-heat-affected Solid after Unloading

  • Multiple-pulse Interaction: Energy Accumulation

    • The Heat-affected Zone from the Action of Many Consecutive Pulses

    • Cumulative Heating and Adiabatic Expansion

  • Conclusions