Chapter 8. Pulsed Force Mode SFM

  1. Dr. Paolo Samorì2,3
  1. Alexander Gigler and
  2. Othmar Marti

Published Online: 29 JUN 2006

DOI: 10.1002/3527608516.ch8

Scanning Probe Microscopies Beyond Imaging: Manipulation of Molecules and Nanostructures

Scanning Probe Microscopies Beyond Imaging: Manipulation of Molecules and Nanostructures

How to Cite

Gigler, A. and Marti, O. (2006) Pulsed Force Mode SFM, in Scanning Probe Microscopies Beyond Imaging: Manipulation of Molecules and Nanostructures (ed P. Samorì), Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG. doi: 10.1002/3527608516.ch8

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Istituto per la Sintesi Organica e la Fotoreattività, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, via Gobetti 101, 40129 Bologna, Italy

  2. 3

    Institut de Science et d'Ingénierie, Supramoléculaires (ISIS), Université Louis Pasteur, 8 allée Gaspard Monge, 67083 Strasbourg, France

Author Information

  1. Department of Experimental Physics, University Ulm, 89069 Ulm, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 29 JUN 2006
  2. Published Print: 6 JUN 2006

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9783527312696

Online ISBN: 9783527608515

SEARCH

Keywords:

  • pulsed force mode SFM;
  • modes of SPM operation;
  • static modes;
  • dynamic modes;
  • technical implementation of pulsed force mode;
  • theoretical description of contact mechanics;
  • Hertzian modeling;
  • AFM measurements using pulsed force mode;
  • force curves;
  • applications of pulsed force mode

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Modes of SPM Operation

    • Static Modes

      • Constant Height Mode

      • Constant Deflection Mode

    • Dynamic Modes

      • Resonant Modes

      • Force Modulation Mode

      • Nanoindentations

  • Pulsed Force Mode

    • Technical Implementation of Pulsed Force Mode

    • Analogies and Differences between PFM, JM, and Force–Volume Mode

    • Extending PFM to CODYMode for Full Mechanical Characterization of Samples

  • Theoretical Description of Contact Mechanics

    • Hertzian Modeling

    • Sneddon's Extensions to the Hertzian Model

    • Models Incorporating Adhesion

  • AFM Measurements Using Pulsed Force Mode

    • Force Curves

    • Data Evaluation

  • Applications of Pulsed Force Mode

    • Examination of Dewetting Polymer Blends

    • Excimer Laser Ablation of PMMA and Adhesion Measurements by PFM

    • Temperature-Dependent PFM Investigations of Crystalline PTFE

    • Conducting PFM of Lithographically Structured Circuitry

    • Investigation of Very Thin Layers of Poly(vinyl alcohol) in PFM

    • PFM in Liquids with Chemically Modified Tips

    • Electric Double Layer – PFM in Liquids

    • Measuring Biological Samples in Liquids

    • Combined Mechanical Measurements – CODYMode

  • Conclusions