Chapter 10. The Brain in Stress – Influence of Environment and Lifestyle on Stress-Related Disorders

  1. Prof. Dr. Bengt B. Arnetz1,2 and
  2. Prof. Rolf Ekman3
  1. Rolf Ekman3 and
  2. Bengt B. Arnetz1,2

Published Online: 21 AUG 2006

DOI: 10.1002/3527609156.ch10

Stress in Health and Disease

Stress in Health and Disease

How to Cite

Ekman, R. and Arnetz, B. B. (2006) The Brain in Stress – Influence of Environment and Lifestyle on Stress-Related Disorders, in Stress in Health and Disease (eds B. B. Arnetz and R. Ekman), Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG. doi: 10.1002/3527609156.ch10

Editor Information

  1. 1

    Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Wayne State University, 101 E. Alexandrine, Detroit, Michigan 48201-2011, USA

  2. 2

    Division of Social Medicine, Uppsala University, Uppsala Science Park, Social Medicine, 75185 Uppsala, Sweden

  3. 3

    Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Neurochemical laboratory, Mölndal/SU, 43180 Mölndal, Sweden

Author Information

  1. 1

    Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Wayne State University, 101 E. Alexandrine, Detroit, Michigan 48201-2011, USA

  2. 2

    Division of Social Medicine, Uppsala University, Uppsala Science Park, Social Medicine, 75185 Uppsala, Sweden

  3. 3

    Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Neurochemical laboratory, Mölndal/SU, 43180 Mölndal, Sweden

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 21 AUG 2006
  2. Published Print: 20 JUL 2006

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9783527312214

Online ISBN: 9783527609154

SEARCH

Keywords:

  • stress in health and disease;
  • stress and brain plasticity;
  • influence of environment and lifestyle on stress-related disorders;
  • chronic stress and stress-related disorders;
  • HPA axis out of balance – a link to depression? stress-related mental disorders;
  • neurodegenerative diseases

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Background

  • Introduction

    • The Dynamic Brain

    • The Hypothalamic–Pituitary–Adrenal Axis

    • Cytokines and Neuroendocrine–Immune Interactions

    • Psychoneuroimmunology

    • Is the Stress Response Comparable to an Inflammatory Reaction?

  • Relationship Between Chronic Stress and Stress-Related Disorders

  • The HPA Axis Out of Balance – a Link to Depression?

    • Cytokines and Depression

    • Neuronal Atrophy and Loss in Response to Stress

  • Stress-Related Mental Disorders and Neurodegenerative Diseases

  • Unhealthy Environments; a Link to PTSD?

  • Conclusions and Future Prospects

  • References