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AMPA Receptors

  1. Wei Lu,
  2. Katherine W Roche

Published Online: 8 DEC 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0000231.pub3

eLS

eLS

How to Cite

Lu, W. and Roche, K. W. 2013. AMPA Receptors. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA

  1. Based in part on the previous version of this eLS article ‘AMPA Receptors’ (2007) by Richard J O'Brien and Richard L Huganir, and by Katherine W Roche and John TR Isaac.

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 8 DEC 2013

Abstract

Neuronal communication relies on rapid signalling via chemical synapses. Glutamate receptors mediate the majority of excitatory neurotransmission in the central nervous system. At excitatory synapses, glutamate is released and binds to a variety of glutamate receptors. Among these, α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid (AMPA) receptors mediate most of the fast excitatory synaptic transmission. In addition, AMPA receptors play a critical role in the synaptic plasticity underlying learning and memory and neuronal development. When the regulation of synaptic expression of AMPA receptors goes awry, devastating neurological and neuropsychiatric diseases can occur. Since their cloning in the 1990s, much has been learned about the structure, assembly and trafficking of AMPA receptors. Exciting new advances in AMPA receptor research have offered unprecedented opportunities to understand dynamic regulation of AMPA receptor structure and function in brain.

Key Concepts:

  • AMPA receptors mediate fast glutamatergic synaptic transmission.

  • Crystal structure of AMPA receptors shows unexpected domain organisation.

  • Regulation of synaptic expression of AMPA receptors is highly dynamic.

  • AMPA receptor modulation and/or trafficking mediates LTP.

  • AMPA receptors are structurally diverse.

  • Subunit composition of AMPA receptors varies at different synapses.

  • Post-translational modifications of AMPA receptors regulate trafficking and function.

  • AMPA receptor dysfunction is involved in diseases.

Keywords:

  • glutamate;
  • AMPA receptor;
  • excitatory synapse;
  • crystal structure;
  • receptor phosphorylation;
  • palmitoylation;
  • ubiquitination;
  • synaptic plasticity;
  • receptor trafficking;
  • stargazin;
  • cornichon;
  • AMPAKines