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Microorganisms: Applications in Molecular Biology

  1. Jill B Keeney

Published Online: 21 DEC 2007

DOI: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0000971.pub2



How to Cite

Keeney, J. B. 2007. Microorganisms: Applications in Molecular Biology. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. Juniata College, Huntingdon, Pennsylvania, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 21 DEC 2007


Microorganisms, most notably yeast and bacteria, are used in research and industry for cloning genes, replicating DNA and producing purified proteins. Yeast, in particular, is widely used as a model organism for studying a variety of cell functions.


  • plasmids;
  • vectors;
  • tissue culture;
  • cloning;
  • genomes