Standard Article

Bacterial Fermentation

  1. Volker Müller

Published Online: 15 SEP 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0001415.pub2

eLS

eLS

How to Cite

Müller, V. 2008. Bacterial Fermentation. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. Goethe Universität, Frankfurt/Main, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 SEP 2008

Abstract

Under anaerobic conditions, in the dark and in the absence of electron acceptors, organic compounds are catabolized by strictly anaerobic or facultatively anaerobic bacteria by internally balanced oxidation–reduction reactions, a process called fermentation. In fermentation, the organic compound serves as both electron donor and acceptor, and adenosine triphosphate is synthesized by substrate-level phosphorylation.

Keywords:

  • fermentation;
  • anaerobic bacteria;
  • pathways;
  • ATP yield;
  • economics