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Chromosome Structure

  1. N Patrick Higgins

Published Online: 21 DEC 2007

DOI: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0001486.pub2

eLS

eLS

How to Cite

Patrick Higgins, N. 2007. Chromosome Structure. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. University of Alabama, Birmingham, Alabama, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 21 DEC 2007

Abstract

Genes are organized into discrete cellular structures called chromosomes that coordinate deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) replication and distribution of replicated genetic copies between two daughter cells. As vehicles of genetic transmission, chromosomes play a central role in Darwinian evolution.

Keywords:

  • plasmid;
  • chromatin;
  • DNA replication;
  • transposon;
  • topoisomerase;
  • replisome