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  1. Bernard L Cohen

Published Online: 15 JAN 2007

DOI: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0001614.pub2



How to Cite

Cohen, B. L. 2007. Brachiopoda. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. University of Glasgow, Scotland, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JAN 2007

This is not the most recent version of the article. View current version (15 APR 2013)


A phylum of predominantly sessile, filter-feeding marine invertebrates, with a ciliated, tentaculate feeding organ or lophophore and a bivalved shell. The two main living types (with either articulated or inarticulated valves) first appeared in the Lower Cambrian. Articulated forms give the phylum its common name: ‘lamp shells’. In recent molecular analyses, brachiopods and phoronids form a single clade.


  • Brachiopoda;
  • lophophore;
  • inarticulate brachiopod;
  • articulate brachiopod;
  • Phoronida