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Molecular Clocks

  1. Andrew Peter Martin

Published Online: 21 DEC 2007

DOI: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0001669.pub2



How to Cite

Martin, A. P. 2007. Molecular Clocks. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 21 DEC 2007


Molecules such as proteins and DNA evolve over time as a consequence of the fixation of mutations to DNA. Molecular evolution has been shown to be approximately constant across species, a phenomenon known as the molecular clock.


  • rate of molecular evolution;
  • evolutionary history;
  • DNA;
  • protein