Standard Article

History of the Optical Microscope in Cell Biology and Medicine

  1. Barry R Masters

Published Online: 15 DEC 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0003082

eLS

eLS

How to Cite

Masters, B. R. 2008. History of the Optical Microscope in Cell Biology and Medicine. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 DEC 2008

Abstract

Advances in our understanding of cell biology are intimately connected with new optical microscopes and specimen preparation techniques. From the seventeenth century onward these technical advances impacted on the fields of cell biology and medicine, and sometimes these advances occurred reciprocally.

Keywords:

  • cell biology;
  • phase contrast;
  • fluorescence;
  • confocal;
  • nonlinear microscope