Standard Article

You have free access to this content

History of Ornithology

  1. T R Birkhead1,
  2. I Charmantier2

Published Online: 15 DEC 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0003096

eLS

eLS

How to Cite

Birkhead, T. R. and Charmantier, I. 2009. History of Ornithology. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK

  2. 2

    Centre for Medical History, University of Exeter, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 DEC 2009
thumbnail image

Figure 1. Aldrovandi's three-volume Ornithologiae published in 1599, 1600 and 1603. Photo: I Charmantier.

thumbnail image

Figure 2. Portraits of John Ray (left: from Raven, 1942) and Francis Willughby (right: from Jardine, 1843).

thumbnail image

Figure 3. Schematic representation of the development of ornithology in central Europe from the Middle Ages to 2000, showing the bifurcation, after Ray's publications, between field ornithology (left) and systematics (right), and Stresemann's unifying position in the 1920s. Reproduced from Haffer 2007, with permission from Springer.

thumbnail image

Figure 4. Three key twentieth century figures in the history of ornithology: (from left to right) (a) Ernst Mayr and Erwin Stresemann and (b) David Lack all at the International Ornithological Congress, Oxford 1966. Courtesy of the Eric Hosking Charitable Trust.

thumbnail image

Figure 5. Schematic representation of the development of ornithology in Britain from the 1550s through to 2000, showing the bifurcation after Ray's publications and David Lack unifying field ornithology and systematics in the 1940s. Reproduced from Haffer 2007, with permission from Springer.