Standard Article

Ethics of Research: Scientific Misconduct

  1. Erica C Blom1,
  2. Raymond De Vries2

Published Online: 15 DEC 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0003483

eLS

eLS

How to Cite

Blom, E. C. and De Vries, R. 2010. Ethics of Research: Scientific Misconduct. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA

  2. 2

    University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 DEC 2010

Abstract

Scientific misconduct presents a challenge, not just to the reputation of the misbehaving scientist, but also to research institutions, the integrity of the scientific record and to the enterprise of science itself. In this article we discuss the varied definitions of scientific misconduct and explore the social sources of the concern with the misbehaviour of researchers as well as competing explanations of the causes of that misbehaviour. We review efforts to prevent scientific misconduct and look at how the (mis)conduct of researchers will be influenced by the trend towards interdisciplinary collaboration and the globalisation of research.

Key Concepts:

  • Common misbehaviours in research threaten the integrity of science in addition to the more egregious, yet less frequent, acts of falsification, fabrication and plagiarism.

  • Scientific misconduct results from the behaviour of ‘bad apples’ and the organisation of science.

  • Responses to scientific misconduct must address individual and organisational sources of misbehaviour.

  • The rise of interdisciplinary science and the globalisation of science present new challenges to integrity in research conduct.

Keywords:

  • scientific misconduct;
  • research misconduct;
  • integrity;
  • ethics of research;
  • organisation of science