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Post-fertilization Reproductive Strategies

  1. René E van Dijk,
  2. Tamás Székely

Published Online: 15 DEC 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0003665



How to Cite

van Dijk, R. E. and Székely, T. 2008. Post-fertilization Reproductive Strategies. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. University of Bath, Bath, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 DEC 2008


Animals have diverse strategies that improve the success of their offspring after mating (i.e. post-fertilization reproductive strategies); the most common ones are parental care and offspring provisioning. The type, mode and duration of parental care exhibited by males and females depend on social and nonsocial environment, and on genetic and phylogenetic constraints. We overview five rapidly developing areas of parental care research, and conclude that sexual conflict between parents, social interactions and environmental conditions play important roles in determining post-fertilization reproductive strategies.


  • parental care;
  • offspring desertion;
  • sexual conflict;
  • cooperation