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Hemichordates: Development

  1. John Gerhart1,
  2. Christopher Lowe2,
  3. Marc Kirschner3

Published Online: 15 JAN 2007

DOI: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0004110



How to Cite

Gerhart, J., Lowe, C. and Kirschner, M. 2007. Hemichordates: Development. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of California Berkeley, California, USA

  2. 2

    University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA

  3. 3

    Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JAN 2007

This is not the most recent version of the article. View current version (14 APR 2015)


Hemichordates resemble chordates in important aspects of their development anatomy and physiology. Within the hemichordate phylum are two main subgroups, the enteropneusts, of a few hundred species, and the pterobranchs, of 20 or so species. Comparison of hemichordates and chordates allows deductions about the common ancestor from which they both evolved.


  • hemichordate;
  • development;
  • chordate evolution;
  • body plan;
  • nervous system