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Exons and Protein Modules

  1. László Patthy

Published Online: 15 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0005086.pub3

eLS

eLS

How to Cite

Patthy, L. 2013. Exons and Protein Modules. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. Research Centre for Natural Sciences, Budapest, Hungary

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 FEB 2013

Abstract

Modules are versatile protein domains that are frequently used as building blocks in the construction of diverse multidomain proteins. The degree of versatility or promiscuity of protein modules is usually defined as the number of distinct domain architectures in which they are present or the number of domain types with which they are associated in diverse multidomain proteins. The assembly of multidomain proteins from modules is facilitated by recombination in introns flanking the exons that encode the modules, but it may also occur by recombination in exons or through cotranscription and fusion of tandem genes. Protein modules that frequently participate in domain-shuffling events (that is, moved from one genomic location to the other) are usually referred to as mobile domains.

Key Concepts:

  • Domain types that are frequently used as building blocks of multidomain proteins are usually referred to as protein modules.

  • The degree of versatility or promiscuity of protein modules may be defined as the number of distinct domain architectures in which it is present or the number of domain types with which it is associated in diverse proteins.

  • Protein modules that frequently participate in domain-shuffling events (that is, moved from one genomic location to the other) are usually referred to as mobile domains.

  • Protein modules flanked by introns of identical phase are exceptionally mobile because their shuffling is facilitated by intronic recombination.

  • Although assembly of multidomain proteins from modules is facilitated by recombination in introns it may also occur by recombination in exons.

Keywords:

  • domain;
  • module;
  • multidomain protein;
  • intronic recombination;
  • exonic recombination;
  • chimeric gene