Evolution: Convergent and Parallel Evolution
Published Online: 21 DEC 2007
Copyright © 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. All rights reserved.
How to Cite
Stewart, C.-B. 2007. Evolution: Convergent and Parallel Evolution. eLS. .
- Published Online: 21 DEC 2007
Convergence and parallelism are two forms of independent evolution of similar or identical traits; they are often taken as evidence for adaptive evolution, but can also occur due to design limitations or by chance.