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Male-driven Evolution

  1. Hans Ellegren

Published Online: 30 APR 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0005303.pub2



How to Cite

Ellegren, H. 2008. Male-driven Evolution. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 APR 2008


If the number of germ-line cell divisions has an effect on the mutation rate, for example owing to replication errors, we might expect the mutation rate of the two sexes to differ. Recent estimates from human and other primates suggest that this difference corresponds to a male bias of a factor of approximately 5.


  • germ line;
  • mutation rate;
  • sex chromosomes;
  • male bias;
  • polymorphism