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Chromosomes in Mammals: Diversity and Evolution

  1. Johannes Wienberg,
  2. Stefan Müller

Published Online: 15 JUL 2008

DOI: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0005797.pub2



How to Cite

Wienberg, J. and Müller, S. 2008. Chromosomes in Mammals: Diversity and Evolution. eLS. .

Author Information

  1. Ludwig-Maximilian University, Munich, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUL 2008


Inspecting the morphology of chromosomes in different species has been a classical tool for evolutionary biologists. DNA probes ranging in size from whole chromosomes to a few hundred base pairs can be seen under the microscope and assigned to unique regions of the genomes of different species. They have different resolutions and, in analogy, delineate entire continents, countries or even villages, streets and houses of the genome. Here we describe recent insights into the mode and tempo of mammalian chromosomes evolution using molecular cytogenetic approaches.


  • comparative chromosome painting;
  • chromosomal rearrangements;
  • mammalian karyotype evolution